Informatics and Education №09’2014
Journal «Informatics and Education» №9’2014
№ 9 (258) November 2014
Contents of issue
Bryksina O. F., Ponomareva A. A., Rozhdestvenskaja L. V.
ARTIFACT-PEDAGOGY: FROM ARTIFACT TO LEARNING SITUATION
The article describes an innovative approach to the construction of learning situations on the basis of digital artifacts. We generalize the experience of the course “Artifact-pedagogy: from artifact to learning situation” for students of pedagogical high school.
Keywords: Federal State Educational Standard (FSES) of General Education, learning situation, digital artifact, artifact-pedagogy.
Khodyakova N. V.
CRITERIA FOR EVALUATING QUALITY OF E-LEARNING
Different approaches (economic, standardized, state and conventional) to evaluating e-learning are discussed in the article. Necessity of combining pragmatic and humanitarian criteria is reasoned. The corresponding enlistment of criteria for evaluating e-learning, based on knowledge of regularities of personality’s developing interaction with educational environment, is suggested.
Keywords: e-learning, student’s interaction with e-learning environment, criteria for evaluating quality of e-learning.
Mendel A. V., Kolegaeva E. M.
THE FEATURES OF TEACHING STUDENTS ON GENERAL EDUCATION PROGRAMS IN DISTANCE FORM
The article describes the characteristics of the implementation of programs of general education in the distance form, the expediency of the use of lesson plans of independent work of students. General requirements for their content are formulated, a basic model of the organization of the educational process in the distance regional educational information network with the proposed improvements is given.
Keywords: distance learning, general education, electronic learning resources, information system of distance learning.
Gerasimova E. K.
DIDACTIC POTENTIAL OF E-LEARNING MATERIALS BASED ON THE NETWORK SERVICES
The article presents the author’s typology of e-learning materials. The typology is based on the characteristics of content delivery. Didactic principles are described to be satisfied by e-learning materials developed on the basis of network services, as well as the functions and properties of these materials.
Keywords: electronic educational resources, e-learning material, network services, didactic principles, didactic functions, didactic properties.
Logachev A. V.
INTEGRATED TASKS ON INFORMATICS AS MEANS OF ASSESSMENT OF DISCIPLINARY AND INTERDISCIPLINARY STUDENTS’ EDUCATIONAL ACHIEVEMENTS
The article considers the problem of developing a complex and multi-level assessment system of students’ educational achievements in a single discipline (informatics) in compliance with the requirements of Federal State Educational Standards. Solution involves the use of integrated tasks in computer science. It provides the analysis of structure and functional features of integrated task as a means of assessment of disciplinary and interdisciplinary students’ educational results.
Keywords: Federal State Educational Standards, monitoring and assessment of students’ educational achievements, personal, disciplinary and interdisciplinary educational results, integrated tasks on informatics.
Minkovich T. V.
IMPLEMENTATION OF THE PRINCIPLE OF SIMILARITY OF COGNITIVE SCHEMES WHEN TEACHING THE CONCEPTS OF INFORMATICS
In the article in the context of ideas about the integration of didactic units the implementation of the principle of similarity of cognitive schemes in relation to teaching of the concepts of informatics is discussed. The results of analysis of the content of the basic course of informatics at the inclusion of the concepts of different types (abstract or real objects, processes, relationships, properties, parameters) are given. The usefulness of the using terms of object-oriented design in the work with the concepts on informatics lessons is explained. The main means of generalization of concepts — related schemes of descriptions of the concepts, including the signs of the concepts and providing methodically reasonable handling them in establishing a relationship “common — individual” are declared. Methods of implementation of integration of the similarity of cognitive schemes in relation to work with the concepts are specified. On this basis, the examples demonstrate the principles of linking schemes for describing of replicated concepts, which are introduced when teaching informatics in a variety of purposes — as examples, as a support to solve problems or for substantiation of theoretical propositions.
Keywords: integration of didactic units, informatics, similarity of cognitive schemes, scheme for describing concept, type of concept according to nature of generalizing objects, replicated concept.
Strekalova N. B.
THE INDEPENDENT WORK OF STUDENTS IN THE MODERN INFORMATION EDUCATIONAL ENVIRONMENTS
The article discusses the specifics and peculiarities of performing independent work of students at its transfer into the open information educational environments; the conclusion about the necessity of representation of independent work of students as information research activities aimed at developing new knowledge; the results of student surveys on this subject.
Keywords: independent work of students, open information educational environment, information research activities, information overload.
Ganicheva E. M.
THE USE OF INSTRUMENTS OF EDUCATIONAL ACTIVITY FOR THE OR-GANIZATION OF STUDENT INDEPENDENT WORK
The concept of student independent work is considered in the article, ways and levels of independent activity are specified. The variant of the organization of student independent activity with the use of the constructor of interactive exercises is offered.
Keywords: independent activity, instruments of educational activity, constructor of interactive exercises, school information educational environment.
Kildishov V. D.
ABOUT THE CONTENT OF THE BACHELOR PROGRAMS OF DISCIPLINES “INFORMATICS” AND “INFORMATION TECHNOLOGIES”
The article presents the results of analysis of the presence of disciplines “Informatics” and “Information technologies” in the bachelor programs and the results of the comparison of their content. Suggestions for defining the structure and content of the discipline “Information technologies” are described.
Keywords: informatics, information technologies, bachelor, educational program.
Ziangirova L. F.
METHODICS OF STUDYING THE THEME “DESIGNING COMPUTER NETWORKS” WHILE TRAINING STUDENTS IN AREAS OF TRAINING “APPLIED INFORMATICS”
The methodics of the introduction of the educational complex “Computing Systems, Networks and Telecommunications” is considered in the article.
Keywords: design, designing computer networks, NetCracker, imitating modeling, project, local area network, topology, traffic, server.
Dadyan A. G.
THE USE OF INNOVATIVE TECHNOLOGIES IN THE SYSTEM OF PROFESSIONAL EDUCATION
The article describes the experience of teaching the discipline “Designing business applications in the 1C:Enterprise” at the Financial University under the Government of the Russian Federation.
Keywords: 1C:Enterprise, cloud computing, educational portal, innovative methods.
Radzhabova N. Sh.
THE PROJECT METHOD IN THE TEACHING OF INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY IN HIGH SCHOOL
The article examines the experience of using the project method in teaching information technologies at the university. The problems of the educational process, proposed approaches to solving problems of projects by students are given in the article.
Keywords: project method, highest level of competence, computer technologies.
Mukhametzyanov R. R.
FORMATION AT STUDENTS OF PEDAGOGICAL UNIVERSITIES COMPETENCY IN THE FIELD OF OBJECT-ORIENTED PROGRAMMING
The article discusses the features of studying the object-oriented programming. The typical mistakes that teachers do while introducing such concepts as a class, an interface and while using the object-oriented programming in solving applied tasks are described. Special attention is paid to development of object-oriented competency as the condition for the successful training IT specialists and informatics teachers in pedagogical universities.
Keywords: object-oriented programming, properties and methods of class, class inheritance, encapsulation and polymorphism, static classes and interfaces, training of IT specialists and informatics teachers.
Petrova S. Ju.
METHODICS OF TEACHING UNIVERSITY STUDENTS ON BASICS OF DESIGNING INFORMATION SYSTEMS IN PRACTICAL CLASSES
The article discusses different variants of the stages of designing information systems. The basic steps that must be allocated in the training of students on basics of designing information systems are proposed. Methodics of training on basics of designing information systems in practical classes are given.
Keywords: information system, design, design stages, methods of design, tools of design, approach to design, methodics.
Ivanova O. V.
THE USE OF THE SOFTWARE TOOLS IN STUDENTS OF PEDAGOGICAL UNIVERSITIES TRAINING ON ELEMENTS OF MATHEMATICAL STATISTICS
The possibility of improving the effectiveness of training on elements of mathematical statistics with the use of Mathcad in the training of future bachelors of teacher education is described in the article. Examples of solutions in Mathcad of problems of pedagogical research are given.
Keywords: mathematical statistics, Mathcad, pedagogical research.
Govorov А. I., Govorova M. M.
GAMIFICATION AS A MEAN OF IMPROVING STUDENTS’ MOTIVATION
The article describes the foreign experience of using gamification (the use of the elements of the game and game design in nonfiction context) as a means of motivating students to learn. The example of the approbation of this method in teaching pupils of VIII—IX grades in a course “Information Technologies” is given.
Keywords: motivation, gamification.
INFORMATIZATION OF EDUCATION
Demina E. V.
SCHOOL INFORMATION INTERACTIVE ENVIRONMENT AS A RESOURCE OF RESEARCH ACTIVITY OF PERSONS OF EDUCATIONAL PROCESS IN THE CONDITIONS OF THE INTRODUCTION OF THE FEDERAL STATE EDUCATIONAL STANDARDS
The article describes experience of creation of the school information interactive environment and its role in formation and development of research activity of persons of educational process in the conditions of the introduction of the Federal State Educational Standards.
Keywords: information interactive environment, information technologies, interactive technologies, model of information interactive environment, research activity.
Bogatireva J. I., Privalov A. N., Romanov V. A.
ENVIRONMENT OF INFORMATION SECURITY OF SCHOOL AS A CONDITION ENSURING THE INFORMATION SECURITY OF THE YOUNGER GENERATION
The article discusses an approach to information security of the younger generation through the organization of the environment of information security of school to identify the components and directions for the organization of such an environment.
Keywords: information security, environment of information security, information educational environment, students, computerization of education, information security threats.
ICT IN SUBJECT AREAS
Mikhailova I. G.
ANIMATION EFFECTS IN PRESENTATIONS OF LECTURES ON MATHEMATICS
The article describes the features of applications of animation effects those can be used in presentations of lectures on mathematics in PowerPoint 2010. The examples are suggested.
Keywords: presentation in PowerPoint 2010, animation effects, lectures on mathematics.
RESULTS OF SCIENTIFIC RESEARCH
Kudryavtsev V. S., Sysoev S. A., Yakupov R. R.
COMPUTER DIAGNOSTICS OF SEARCH OF REGULARITIES
The article describes computer diagnostics of search of regularities of the points on the coordinate plane, when you need to find a regularity and continue it. The dual control system of management of learning activity is used for the search. Aktiograms of activity and levels of autonomy of students are obtained. It is shown that the dynamics of search of regularities is determined by the total feedback factor.
Keywords: levels of independence, data compression, management, activities, feedback, self-development, instability, aktiogram.