Informatics and Education №6’2018

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Journal «Informatics and Education»
№6’2018

№ 6 (295) August 2018
Contents of issue

ПЕДАГОГИЧЕСКИЙ ОПЫТ

Andryushkova O. V.

EMERGENT LEARNING AND NEGENTROPY OF EDUCATIONAL PROCESS

The article discusses the problems of forecasting the results of the educational process in the context of the implementation of the emerging education system, which is a form of organization and management of educational activities in a systemic approach to the use of e-learning and traditional teaching in the classroom (laboratory, workshop). An entropy approach to the assessment of the quality of the pedagogical process is proposed, and a rationale for the selection of quality criteria from the point of view of entropy and negentropy is given. An example of a set of criteria for a natural science discipline in the conditions of teaching in a certain direction/specialty is given. At the same time, the classification of criteria, in terms of reducing or increasing the predictability of learning outcomes, contributes to the streamlining and predictability of the educational process, which in turn is accompanied by an improvement in the quality of the students’ training.
Keywords: e-learning, emergent learning, distance educational technologies, quality of learning, entropy, negentropy, prediction of educational outcomes.

Fedosov A. Yu., Markushevich M. V.

ACTUAL ISSUES IN APPLICATION OF DOMESTIC SOFTWARE IN TEACHING AND IN EDUCATIONAL PROCESS OF A COMPREHENSIVE SCHOOL

The purpose of the article is to undertake a detailed review and a comprehensive analysis of possible situations and possible prospects for using Russian software to support the teaching and educational process in Russian comprehensive school due to the possible transition to this type of software within the next two years because of changes in domestic legislation.
Keywords: domestic software, free software, freeware, import substitution, teaching methods of informatics.

Potupchik E. G., Chen Yu. V.

ESTIMATION OF THE QUALITY OF MODERN INFORMATICS LESSONS IN BASIC SCHOOL

The work is devoted to the problem of assessing the quality of the modern lesson in the context of informatization and the globalization of education. The formalized system of expert-statistical assessment of lessons developed by the authors on the basis of a criterial-indicative table with the projective strategy is presented. The leading idea of the work is to launch a cloud portal technology for the automated assessment of the quality of lessons based on the proposed criterial table of expert assessment of lessons. On the example of a few content lines of the school informatics course it is justified that it’s necessary to include in the assessment procedure four models of lessons with different degrees of using ICT. The materials of the article can be used to assess the quality of any lessons and will be useful for solving administrative issues of improving the quality of the educational process.
Keywords: assessment of quality of lesson, criteria for quality of education, educational results of schoolchildren in informatics, automated procedural scheme for assessing quality, Federal State Educational Standard.

Korchazhkina O. M.

COMPONENTS OF ENGINEERING THINKING AND THE ROLE OF INFORMAION TECHNOLOGIES IN THEIR FORMATION

The article discusses a problem why digital economy is short of engineering personnel for its development, and the crucial need to form secondary school students’ engineering culture as teenagers and young people are potential specialists for the scientific and industrial sphere in the NBICS surrounding. It became possible to identify the problematic field of further research and practical decision-making in the area by studying and analyzing normative documents of the federal level; scientific, methodological and educational literature for secondary school; the experience of Moscow secondary school teachers of Math, Science, Technology, Computer Studies. The research also focuses on the basic components of engineering thinking that are science and design thinking along with their characteristics and specific features being formed at the stage of basic and secondary general education in Russia. ICT tools that contribute to the formation and development students’ engineering thinking within Technology Studies are considered. The detailed conceptualization of engineering thinking from both theoretical and practical points of view creates necessary circumstances to form a generalized view of end-to-end training of future engineering and technical personnel for the domestic economy — from school to University. Such support in clarifying some conceptual positions in Technology Studies will be a subject of interest for textbooks’ authors, methodologists, teachers, practitioners and many others interested and working in secondary education. It will help to update the content lines of present Technology Studies textbooks, as well as to design the profile coursebook “Engineering Technologies” for high school students.
Keywords: engineering culture, engineering thinking, science knowledge, design projects, Technology Studies.

Khapaeva S. S., Khodakova N. P., Filatyeva M. S.

THE USAGE OF ELECTRONIC EDUCATIONAL RESOURCES IN THE CONDITIONS OF INCLUSIVE PRESCHOOL EDUCATION

The article presents some results of the work of the network experimental site on the topic «Features of the organization of the educational process, taking into account the usage of electronic educational resources and interactive equipment in the conditions of implementation of the Federal State Educational Standard of Preschool Education». The method of the included observation (by the full participants of the educational process — the teachers) and a survey was applied. Conclusions are made about the possibility of using electronic educational resources (on the example of «1C:School. Preschool education, 6–7 years») in conditions of inclusive education of preschool children. The authors describe the principles and features of using electronic educational resources, that are the results of the research and practical work with preschool children. A detailed algorithm for working with one of the interactive resources will be of interest to teachers, practitioners, educators, methodologists and speech therapists who organize inclusive education.
Keywords: preschool education, inclusive education, principles of inclusive education, electronic educational resources.

ПЕДАГОГИЧЕСКИЕ КАДРЫ

Bezyzvestnykh E. A.

METHODOLOGICAL BASES OF FORMATION OF ICT COMPETENCE OF BACHELORS — FUTURE TEACHERS IN CONDITIONS OF INFORMATIZATION OF EDUCATION

The purpose of the article is to determine the methodological basis for the formation of ICT competence of bachelors — future teachers in the context of informatization of education and the development of the electronic information and educational environment of the university.

109 students of the 1st and 2nd courses of the direction 44.03.01 «Pedagogical Education», educational profile «Tutor», in Institute of Pedagogy, Psychology and Sociology of Siberian Federal University took part in the study. Monitoring of the formation of ICT competence among students was conducted through observation and questioning. The evaluation and diagnostic toolkit also included a number of valid methods that allow an objective assessment of the level of the formation of ICT competence. Methodical foundations of forming ICT competence of bachelors — future teachers in the modern university and levels of ICT competence formation were determined. The biggest part of the students demonstrated a productive and constructive level of ICT competence.

The main ideas of the study and obtained results can be a basis for further developments in the field of increasing the effectiveness of training future educators in the context of transition to the implementation of professional standards and the development of the electronic information and educational environment of universities as well as the development of a theoretical framework for assessing ICT competence, taking into account the levels of teachers’ qualifications.
Keywords: ICT competence, bachelor, teacher education, electronic portfolio, e-learning course.

ИНФОРМАТИЗАЦИЯ ОБРАЗОВАНИЯ

Vostroknutov I. E., Nagai T., Kaneda Y.

CASIO’S POLICY OF THE EDUCATIONS AREA. INTRODUCTION OF INNOVATIVE TECHNOLOGIES CASIO IN THE SYSTEM OF EDUCATION OF RUSSIA

The article shows the role of CASIO in shaping the world of familiar things around us, what a well-known product today was first developed and implemented in a wide sale. In the education system of most developed countries, CASIO is associated with scientific and graphic calculators, digital measuring systems. They were specifically designed for the education system and successfully used in training throughout the world. CASIO continues to develop this direction. The didactic possibilities of modern models of scientific and graphic calculators, digital measuring systems are considered in the article. The main provisions of the company’s policy in the area of education are presented, which made it possible to take a leading position in the production and sale of equipment for the education system. It is shown that the Moscow representative office of CASIO for the Russian education made within the framework of the company’s general policy. The list of educational and methodological tools intended for the successful mastering and subsequent effective use of scientific and graphic calculators, digital measuring complexes in training, which are in the public domain on the educational site CASIO, is given. There is a list of educational portals on which you can find a lot of useful information about the possibilities of scientific and graphic calculators CASIO in teaching.
Keywords: CASIO, scientific calculator, graphic calculator, digital measuring system, CASIO policy in education.

ЗАРУБЕЖНЫЙ ОПЫТ

Abramovich S.

FROM THE TEACHING MACHINE MOVEMENT TO INSTRUMENTAL PERSPECTIVE ON TECHNOLOGY-IMMUNE/TECHNOLOGY-ENABLED MATHEMATICS CURRICULUM

The article shares pedagogical ideas about using technology in mathematics teacher education. A point is made that computational power of digital tools may contribute to diminishing cognitive engagement of students in problem solving. In order to avoid such negative impact of technology on one’s mathematical development, a new type of mathematics curriculum which integrates the traditional argument and the modern-day computations has been suggested. Examples of technology uses cover all levels of pre-college mathematics and include spreadsheets, Wolfram Alpha, and KidPix.
Keywords: mathematics, problem posing, teacher education, technology, spreadsheets, Wolfram Alpha, KidPix.