Informatics and Education №7’2018

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ИНФОРМАТИКА И ОБРАЗОВАНИЕ № 7 (296) СЕНТЯБРЬ 2018
ОБЩИЕ ВОПРОСЫ
Karakozov S. D., Uvarov A. Yu., Ryzhova N. I.
TO THE DIGITAL SCHOOL’S MODEL
Abstract
With the digitalization of society based on the transition to digital economy and education, the article highlights the necessity of replacing traditional school with the digital one. The article considers digital school to be a pedagogical phenomenon rather than a technological one and suggests solutions to provide every learner with the required (documented in the approved educational program) educational level at every stage of school and to develop their own unique potential by taking advantage of digital learning. The authors conclude that transition to digital school is a digital transformation of schooling at every stage.
Keywords: transforming education, digital school, personalized learning, rich information environment, standards in student assessment.
ПЕДАГОГИЧЕСКИЙ ОПЫТ
Chernova E. V., Dokolin A. S., Gavrilova I. V.
FORMATION IN THE EARLY ADOLESCENCE OF THE WILLINGNESS TO ENSURE PERSONAL CYBERSECURITY
Abstract
The current stage of education development in the Russian Federation is characterized by early inclusion of children and adolescents in the information space, to resist the negative information impact of which they are often not ready. In spite of the fact that the formation of a person capable of ensuring resistance to cyber threats is an urgent need for school education, actively involving the student in the digital information environment, at the moment the lack of effective pedagogical cures of this problem is observed. This paper describes an experiment on the formation of younger adolescence schoolchildren readiness to ensure personal cybersecurity on the basis of the technique developed by authors affecting mainly extracurricular activities for young adolescents. Results of an experiment have confirmed efficiency of the developed pedagogical cures of the studied problem. Thus, authors managed to create a technique which can be recommended for work with school students of early teenage age which analogs don’t exist.
Keywords: ICT, information security, cyber security, cyber threats, personal cybersecurity, deviant behavior, early adolescence.
Shitova T. F.
FORMING EXPERIENCE OF MANAGEMENT ACTIVITY AT STUDENTS OF UNIVERSITY WITH THE HELP OF MODERN ERP SYSTEMS
Abstract
The article deals with the use of ERP systems as a means of formation of professional and specialized competencies of students-managers. Despite the fact that a large number of scientific works are devoted to the problem of automation of management activities, there is no final approach to the organization of the implementation of ERP systems and training of personnel. From the author’s point of view, we need comprehensive theoretical developments in this area, as well as practical recommendations for the implementation and training of users of ERP systems.
The purpose of this article is to develop practical recommendations to effectively use the ERP — system “1C:ERP 2” for training students of various profiles of training related to management activities.
In the process of work on the problem the system method, methods of economic and comparative analysis, methods of strategic, long-term and operational management were used.
The scientific significance of the research results lies in the substantiation of a number of methodological recommendations for the formation of tools for the use of information technology to improve the quality of training of young professionals. Practical value-practical recommendations for building training courses on the basis of ERP systems of students of the areas of training “Management” and “State and municipal management”.
The article is of a scientific and practical nature and can be useful for university teachers who teach students specialized software products.
Keywords: SAP, 1C:ERP 2, ERP system.
Akmanova S. V., Kurzayeva L. V., Kopylova N. A.
THE DEVELOPMENT OF LIFELONG SELF-LEARNING INDIVIDUAL READINESS: THE DESIGN OF A CONCEPT IN MEDIA EDUCATIONAL CONDITIONS
Abstract
The modern educational environment is characterized by the intention of educational media products. Specifically, the questions of determining their effective usage specificity both in formal and informal education, and designing and realizing the effective process of developing lifelong self-learning individual readiness are seen as actual. The definition content «self-learning individual readiness» taking into account media educational trends in human society development is revealed in the article. The conceptual conditions of this effective readiness development in the process of informal individual education are presented and proved. We developed and explained the innovative media educational concept structure of lifelong self-learning individual readiness development on the basis of scientific progress in the sphere of university students` self-learning, and in the field of national and world media education, the experience of media educational activities in schools and higher educational establishments of Russia and the whole world. The process of its designing in continuous changing media conditions is shown. The complexity of the approaches and the depth of the research allow us to estimate potential effectiveness of the presented media educational concept of lifelong self-learning individual readiness development. The realization of this concept constructs individual readiness both to self-learning and media education, underpinning media competence.
Keywords: readiness for self-education, media education, media pedagogy, media competence, pedagogical concept, self-education, formal education, higher education, informal education.
Balandina I. V.
Computer literacy training at the university of the third age (from the experience of curriculum development)
Abstract
Article discloses relevance of continuous education, and in particular training of people of old age. The subject of a gerontoobrazovaniye was studied by many domestic and foreign researchers, the scientific recommendations, reports on training of elderly people have been developed. In many countries of the world training centers have been open for this category of the population. In the Russian Federation distribution was gained by the Universities of the third age at which courses enjoy the greatest popularity, connected with training in bases of work with the personal computer. The same purpose — adaptation of the elderly person in digital modern society pursues also the Government of the Russian Federation, developing the appropriate state programs. The universities of the third age are open in many cities. Often they open on the basis of departments of social protection of the population. For assistance higher education institutions are attracted. The fragment of the training program of “A basis of the computer literacy” developed by teachers of the Shadrinsk state pedagogical university is given in article. The purpose, problems of a course, the requirement to the level of assimilation and the planned results reveals. Examples of educational and thematic planning and a substantial component are given.
Keywords: elderly people education, University of the third age, training, computer literacy, working program, education, personal computer, Internet.
ПЕДАГОГИЧЕСКИЕ ИЗМЕРЕНИЯ И ТЕСТЫ
Dyachuk P. P., Dyachuk P. P. (Jr.), Shadrin I. V., Peregudovа I. P.
DYNAMIC ADAPTIVE TESTS OF IDENTIFICATION OF THE STRUCTURE OF ANATOMICAL OBJECTS
Abstract
Problem and purpose. The requirements for the results of professional training of students of medical educational institutions have actualized the problem of dynamic adaptive testing of the enabling conditions for the acquisition by students of the experience of independent learning activity in electronic problematic environments of anatomical objects of the human body. The purpose of the article is to identify and substantiate the possibilities of increasing the teaching potential of students on the basis of the use of computerized dynamic adaptive tests for the identification of complex anatomical objects in conditions of estimated feedback.
The methodology of the research is the analysis of the psychological and pedagogical theory and the generalization of the results of scientific research of domestic and foreign scientists reflecting the ideas of actual approaches to dynamic adaptive testing in education, namely: the activity approach that implements developmental learning in the conditions of instructive feedback; the environmental approach, on the basis of training with reinforcement, in the context of evaluative feedback.
Results. Based on the analysis of educational theory and practice, the basic didactic principles of dynamic adaptive testing of the process of self-learning in the electronic problematic environment of anatomical objects are formulated: evaluative feedback, thesaurus, interactivity, iterativity, semiotic diversity, monitoring, instability, uncertainty. Based on these principles, computerized dynamic adaptive tests-simulators for the identification of anatomical objects have been developed, a methodological model has been created for diagnosing the procedural characteristics of students’ learning activities, and the effectiveness of dynamic adaptive testing in the formation and development of cognitive abilities of students has been proved.
The conclusion. The article describes the implementation of the ideas of dynamic adaptive testing in enriching the didactic potential of the student’s productive learning activity. The proposed model of dynamic adaptive testing of the structure of anatomical objects, through a combination of self-learning activities and external management in the context of evaluative feedback, allows students to be included in independent educational activities and to diagnose changes in its procedural characteristics. The results and conclusions allow us to develop the basic principles of dynamic adaptive testing.
Keywords: dynamic assessment, identification, reinforcement training, instructive and evaluative feedback, interactivity, problem environment, self-regulation, adaptation.
ИНФОРМАТИЗАЦИЯ ОБРАЗОВАНИЯ
Didenko G. A., Stepanova O. A.
MODERN ASPECTS OF INFORMATIZATION: THE CONCEPT OF INFORMATION SERVICES
Abstract
The article is devoted to the analysis of the modern stage of informatization of higher education, which is associated with the development of electronic information and educational environment of universities on the basis of the concept of information services. This concept is the idea of creating a model of functioning and interaction of users in the electronic information and educational environment with the help of information services. Each university is characterized by its own scheme of provision and a set of information services or IT-services, depending on the direction of activity and the tasks they solve. The article emphasizes that the development of the concept of information services is carried out using the mechanisms of modern cloud services based on cloud computing technology, m-learning approaches that allow implementing an innovative approach to the organization of the educational process with the help of mobile applications for access to information services that are used as a single information field for the joint work of teachers and students. As a result, a cloud information and educational environment can be created. The authors note that according to the modern concept of information services, the cloud infrastructure of the university will allow the organization of content storage, the functioning of communication services, virtualization of educational resources, high-performance computing using service models (PaaS, IaaS, SaaS). In conclusion, the article concludes that the implementation of the concept of information services through the mechanisms of cloud services and m-learning approaches in the future can radically transform the possibilities of education, ensuring its availability, openness and flexibility.
Keywords: electronic information and educational environment, information services, information services concept, e-learning, mobile learning (m-learning), cloud technologies (services), 1C: University PROF, web client.