Informatics and Education №08’2017
ENTRANCE EXAMINATIONS IN THE MAGISTRACY OF MATHEMATICAL FACULTY: PROBLEMS AND TENDENCIES
In the article problems and tendencies of the organization and holding entrance examinations in the magistracy of pedagogical education at mathematical faculty of the Moscow State University of Education in modern conditions are considered. The list of the entrants arriving on the master program “Profile and Profound Training in Informatics” is analysed. The difficulties of the organization of entrance tests connected with heterogeneity of basic training of entrants are revealed. Need of development of the manual for the aid to entrants is proved. Features of structure of the manual are marked out and selection criteria of maintenance of such manual are formulated.
Keywords: magistracy of pedagogical education, informatics, entrance examination in magistracy, manual for entrants to magistracy, structure and contents of manual for entrants to magistracy.
Samylkina N. N.
PROJECT APPROACH TO THE ORGANIZATION OF EXTRACURRICULAR ACTIVITY IN SECONDARY SCHOOL BY MEANS OF EDUCATIONAL ROBOTICS
In the article it is proposed to change the culture of the project activity of schoolchildren, which will concern three aspects: focus on foreign approaches to the use of projects, changes for design and evaluation purposes, as well as changes in the role of the teacher and the trial activity of students; actualization of project management in school. Robotics at the same time acts as a tool for the implementation of the project.
Keywords: project, robotics, extracurricular activity in secondary school, management of school projects.
Glotova M. Yu., Samokhvalova E. A.
MS EXCEL IN TEACHING INFORMATICS USING CASE METHOD
In the article features of application of the case method in teaching informatics are considered. When carrying out cases, the calculations are performed in MS Excel. An example of the case on the topic “Parameter selection and optimization (solution search)” is given.
Keywords: informatics, MS Excel, technology, case method, optimization.
Pavlov D. I.
USING METHOD OF SEMANTIC VISION ON INFORMATICS LESSONS IN PRIMARY SCHOOL
The article analyzes the possibility of using elements of heuristic learning in informatics lessons in primary school. The historical prerequisites for changing the content of the initial course of informatics are considered. Methods of heuristic learning, suitable for informatics lessons in primary school, are defined, and the possibilities of the method of the semantic vision, including the analysis of tasks realized with the help of this method, are considered in detail.
Keywords: Federal State Educational Standards, informatics in primary school, mehtodics of teaching informatics, heuristic learning, method of semantic vision.
Pankina E. V.
INFLUENCE OF INFORMATION AND COMMUNICATION TECHNOLOGIES ON PECULIARITIES OF MENTAL ACTIVITY
In the article changes in the features of mental activity those occur under the influence of the development of information and communication technologies are considered. Accelerating the pace of life and increasing the volume of information flow lead to “impoverishment” of attention, the emergence of the phenomenon of clip-on thinking, a decrease in the level of empathy and a deterioration in the ability of social interaction of children.
Keywords: information and communication technologies, mental activity, memory, attention, thinking, communication skills.
Karavaev N. L., Suvorova T. N.
IMPLEMENTATION OF THE SYSTEM ACTIVITY APPROACH IN THE CONDITIONS OF INFORMATION EDUCATIONAL ENVIRONMENT WITH THE APPLICATION OF INNOVATIVE EDUCATIONAL TECHNOLOGIES
The authors provide a definition of activity, and reveal the relevance of the application of the activity approach within the fields of psychology and pedagogy, formulate the principles and provisions of the activity approach. The variant of the structure of the information educational environment in reference to the structure of activity of a student is given. The variant of the application of gamification technology, which best reflects this structure, is offered.
Keywords: man, society, socio-humanitarian knowledge, activity, activity approach, principles, information and educational environment, electronic educational resources, gamification.
Evstropov G. O.
CREATING TEST EXAMPLES FOR AUTOMATIC CHECKING THE SOLUTIONS OF TASKS IN TRAINING COURSES AND COMPETITIONS IN PROGRAMMING
We consider automated testing (without manual code inspection) for problems that require implementation of flow algorithms. If only graphs that were generated almost at random are used, it is impossible to estimate whether the implemented algorithm has right complexity or not. For almost all algorithms real running time on such test cases will grow significantly below theoretical bounds, while for advanced algorithms it might even grow quasilinear. In this work we consider how to build a test cases that will force popular implementation of Ford—Fulkerson algorithm match the expected complexity with running time depending exponentially from the size of the test.
Keywords: flow theory, cost flows, automated testing, programming competitions.
ПЕДАГОГИЧЕСКИЕ ИЗМЕРЕНИЯ И ТЕСТЫ
Pechnikov D. A.
EMPOWERMENT CRITERIA ORIENTED TESTING ADDRESSING THE CHALLENGES OF THE CURRENT PEDAGOGICAL CONTROL
The article presents an approach to the analysis of the results of criteria oriented testing, which in addition to estimates of the level of achievement of learners provides an evaluation of the effectiveness of educational influences the teacher and the individual learning activities of the learners.
Keywords: criteria oriented testing, communicative task, learning, educational impact, current pedagogical supervision, educational motivation.
Markovich O. S., Usol’tsev V. L.
STRUCTURE AND CONTENT OF THE COURSE “COMPUTER MODELING” IN THE TRAINING OF BACHELORS OF EDUCATION BY PROFILE “INFORMATICS”
The article shows the features of the course “Computer modeling” in the training of bachelors in the direction of “Pedagogical education” (“Informatics” profile). There is described the content of the sections of the training course, represented the structure of the laboratory workshop and an example of the subject-oriented case. There is represented the information regarding the practical approbation of the course in the Volgograd State Socio-Pedagogical University.
Keywords: training of informatics teachers, computer modeling, analytical modeling, simulation modeling, modeling of dynamic systems, subject-oriented case.